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HomeINSPIRATIONOn the Shoulders of Giants: Hatshepsut

On the Shoulders of Giants: Hatshepsut

The fifth Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty and regarded as the greatest pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, Pharaoh Hatshepsut reigned longer than any woman of any of the Indigenous Kemetian (Egypt) Dynasties. Born of royal lineage in 1508 BC in Ancient Kemet, the daughter of Tuthmose I and Aahmes was destined to become greater than she could ever imagine. With the death of her two brothers and the death of her father, Hatshepsut was favored to become Pharaoh, but Tuthmose II ascended to the throne after his father. Tuthmose II only served for three years after dying due to of a skin disease. Hatshepsut became Queen Dowager (a widow with a title or property derived from her late husband) although Tuthmose III was in line to become Pharaoh, but he was too young to rule.

After gaining control of the reigns in Kemet, Hatshepsut used her intelligence and tact to keep herself in control of Kemet. To decrease fear amongst her people, she made herself Pharaoh in all statuary and relief during her twenty year reign. She dressed as a Pharaoh and even wore the beard the Pharaohs wore; she also gave the people of Kemet fifteen years of no war as their Pharaoh. Hatshepsut was widely known for her expeditions to the land of Punt in search of Ivory, animals, spices, gold, and aromatic trees. With no wars, she was able to expand the kingdom’s economic power and restored the monuments of Kemet and Nubia.

During her reign the, 18th dynasty prospered as greatly as any other Kemetian dynasty. Hatshepsut was a female ruler who boosted Kemet’s reputation as an economic power in the ancient world.  Upon dying in 1458 BC, Hatshepsut’s memory was being erased by Tuthmose III which was believed to be spurred by his grudge he held for her. Despite the destruction to the memory of the great female Pharaoh, her memory lives today because of her great reign as a Pharaoh which caused Kemet to prosper for twenty peaceful years. She was the blueprint for female power, dignity, intelligence and rulership; she helped to set the foundation for female rulers to be prestigious and respected. Pharaoh Hatshepsut, we stand on your shoulders.

 

 

J.A. Ward.

 

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